Ken Wilber の案出した社会勢力の分類方法

はじめに


・ソース記事の趣旨は… Ken Wilber が最近の著書の中で、「リベラル・イデオロギーの堕落が Trump 政権を誕生させてしまった」という趣旨の主張をしている…という内容。

・Ken Wilber のその主張は凡庸で、浅薄だと思う。だが、その記事の中で引用されていた Ken Wilber の主張のベースにある「赤、青、橙、緑、黄色」といった彼独自の分類方法の方が目を惹いたので紹介する。

引用


・Ken Wilber 独自の「赤、青、橙、緑、黄色」といった分類方法が下。


3. Red: Power Gods. First emergence of a self distinct from the tribe; powerful, impulsive, egocentric, heroic. Mythic spirits, dragons, beasts, and powerful people. Feudal lords protect underlings in exchange for obedience and labor. The basis of feudal empires?power and glory. The world is a jungle full of threats and predators. Conquers, out-foxes, and dominates; enjoys self to the fullest without regret or remorse.

Where seen: The “terrible twos,” rebellious youth, frontier mentalities, feudal kingdoms, epic heroes, James Bond villains, soldiers of fortune, wild rock stars, Atilla the Hun, Lord of the Flies. 20% of the population, 5% of the power.



4. Blue: Conformist Rule. Life has meaning, direction, and purpose, with outcomes determined by an all-powerful Other or Order. This righteous Order enforces a code of conduct based on absolutist and unvarying principles of “right” and “wrong.” Violating the code or rules has severe, perhaps everlasting repercussions. Following the code yields rewards for the faithful. Basis of ancient nations . Rigid social hierarchies; paternalistic; one right way and only one right way to think about everything. Law and order; impulsivity controlled through guilt; concrete-literal and fundamentalist belief; obedience to the rule of Order. Often “religious” [in the mythic-membership sense; Graves and Beck refer to it as the “saintly/absolutistic” level], but can be secular or atheistic Order or Mission.

Where seen: Puritan America, Confucian China, Dickensian England, Singapore discipline, codes of chivalry and honor, charitable good deeds, religious fundamentalism (e.g., Christian and Islamic), Boy and Girl Scouts, “moral majority,” patriotism. 40% of the population, 30% of the power.



5. Orange: Scientific Achievement. At this wave, the self “escapes” from the “herd mentality” of blue, and seeks truth and meaning in individualistic terms?hypothetico-deductive, experimental, objective, mechanistic, operational? “scientific” in the typical sense. The world is a rational and well-oiled machine with natural laws that can be learned, mastered, and manipulated for one’s own purposes. Highly achievement oriented, especially (in America) toward materialistic gains. The laws of science rule politics, the economy, and human events. The world is a chess-board on which games are played as winners gain pre-eminence and perks over losers. Marketplace alliances; manipulate earth’s resources for one’s strategic gains. Basis of corporate states .

Where seen: The Enlightenment, Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged, Wall Street, emerging middle classes around the world, cosmetics industry, trophy hunting, colonialism, the Cold War, fashion industry, materialism, liberal self-interest. 30% of the population, 50% of the power.



6. Green: The Sensitive Self. Communitarian, human bonding, ecological sensitivity, networking. The human spirit must be freed from greed, dogma, and divisiveness; feelings and caring supersede cold rationality; cherishing of the earth, Gaia, life. Against hierarchy; establishes lateral bonding and linking. Permeable self, relational self, group intermeshing. Emphasis on dialogue, relationships. Basis of values communes (i.e., freely chosen affiliations based on shared sentiments). Reaches decisions through reconciliation and consensus (downside: interminable “processing” and incapacity to reach decisions). Refresh spirituality, bring harmony, enrich human potential. Strongly egalitarian, anti-hierarchy, pluralistic values, social construction of reality, diversity, multiculturalism, relativistic value systems; this worldview is often called pluralistic relativism . Subjective, non-linear thinking; shows a greater degree of affective warmth, sensitivity, and caring, for earth and all its inhabitants.

Where seen: Deep ecology, postmodernism, Netherlands idealism, Rogerian counseling, Canadian health care, humanistic psychology, liberation theology, cooperative inquiry, World Council of Churches, Greenpeace, animal rights, ecofeminism, post-colonialism, Foucault/Derrida, politically correct, diversity movements, human rights issues, ecopsychology. 10% of the population, 15% of the power.



・その上で、Trump は緑に反対する勢力だと断定している(言うまでもなく、Ken Wilber にとって緑は神聖で、尊重すべきもの)。


Trump’s anti-green impulse runs serious, far, and vast (though he consciously is aware of none of this). Whether his proposals are red or amber or orange, they are always also anti-green.


ソース


https://libertyblitzkrieg.com/2017/02/09/how-a-breakdown-in-liberal-ideology-created-trump-part-2/

コメント


・ソース記事は zerohedge に転載されており、zerohedge の読者コメント欄に以下のような読者からの意見があった。Ken Wilber の観念的で凡庸な分類に基づいた主張より読者の素朴な主張の方が的を射ていると思う。


WRONG! It wasn't a "breakdown in liberal ideology" that "created Trump". Sorry, but that is a stupid headline and a ridiculous notion. Trump represents a very large cross section of American thought that has heretofore been kept out of politics by the globalist/leftist/neocon establishment Democrats and Republicans through political parties and the MSM.


・ちなみに Ken Wilber が政治を語った最近の動画が下。元気そうでなにより。

動画(3:11)


・Ken Wilber "Third Way" Politics



・ついでに…。Ken Wilber や Terence McKenna に代表される精神世界のグル、思想家を Sam Harris が厳しく批判した動画を見かけたので、後日 紹介するかも。

関連する過去記事


・Ken Wilber を取り上げた過去記事が下。

  ・動画:Ken Wilber(ケン・ウィルバー)が脳波を完全に抑制 (2012.1.24)

  ・メモ:Ken Wilber の使っていた EEG(脳波計) (2012-01-29)

(2017-02-11)
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