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James Stockdale : 北ベトナムでの 7.5年の捕虜生活で得た教訓:楽観主義者は現実に絶望し敗北する。

はじめに


・James Stockdale とは…


Stockdale had been a US Navy fighter pilot. His full name was James Bond Stockdale, so his call sign became “007”. Perfect.

Stockdale’s life changed in September 1965 while flying a mission over North Vietnam. He was shot down, captured, and spent the next 7 ? years as a Prisoner of War in the infamous ‘Hanoi Hilton’.

As a POW, Stockdale was tortured regularly, beaten savagely, and exiled to solitary confinement.
But he never broke.



・彼の覚悟。

At one point during his captivity when he found out that he was to be paraded out in public in Vietnam, he beat his own face to a pulp with a wooden stool, and slashed his scalp with a razorblade, so that he couldn’t be used as a propaganda tool.

He also slit his own wrists once, demonstrating to his captors that he would rather give up his own life than capitulate.

Stockdale was eventually awarded the Medal of Honor for his extraordinary leadership and personal sacrifice.



一部引用


・ James Stockdale が「捕虜収容所で絶望し挫折したのはどんな人間か?」と質問された時の答えが下。


When Collins asked, “Who didn’t make it out [of the POW camp],” Stockdale replied,

Oh that’s easy. The optimists. They were the ones who said, ‘we’re going to be out by Christmas.’ And then Christmas would come, and Christmas would go.

And then they’d say, ‘We’re going to be out by Easter.’ And then Easter would come, and Easter would go. And then Thanksgiving. And then it would be Christmas again.

And they died of a broken heart.

“This is a very important lesson,” Stockdale continued. “You must never confuse faith that you will prevail in the end?which you can never afford to lose? with the discipline to confront the most brutal facts of your current reality, whatever they might be.



ref: Powerful wisdom from one of the toughest men who ever lived | Sovereign Man - https://www.sovereignman.com/trends/powerful-wisdom-from-one-of-the-toughest-men-who-ever-lived-27575/

(2020-04-16)
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